Flags and Pennants can be categorized as continuation patterns. They usually represent only brief pauses in a dynamic stock. They are typically seen right after a big, quick move. The stock then usually takes off again in the same direction. Research has shown that these patterns are some of the most reliable continuation patterns. Here is a Typical Flags and Pennants Pattern
- Bullish flags are characterized by lower tops and lower bottoms, with the pattern slanting against the trend. But unlike wedges, their trend lines run parallel.
- Bearish flags are comprised of higher tops and higher bottoms. "Bear" flags also have a tendency to slope against the trend. Their trend lines run parallel as well.
Pennants look very much like symmetrical triangles. But pennants are typically smaller in size (volatility) and duration. Volume generally contracts during the pause with an increase on the breakout.
HERE IS A SAMPLE CHART WITH A FLAG AND PENNANT FORMATION